Total Knee Replacement
If your knee is seriously damaged by arthritis or injury, it may be hard for you to perform simple activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. You may even begin to feel pain while you are sitting or lying down.
If non-surgical treatments like medications and walking supports are no longer helpful for you, then you should consider to doctors and total knee replacement surgery is safe for you. Joint replacement surgery is the best and effective procedure to reduce pain,correct deformity of leg, and help you in movement of leg.
Best Knee Replacement Surgery in Mumbai.
Cause of Chronic Knee Pain
- Osteoarthritis – This is also known as Degenerative joint disease, which is the most common condition of joint pain that affects mostly people due to their older age and any other injury. In joints, a rubbery material called cartilage covers the end of each bone and acts as a cushion between the bones. But in Osteoarthritis, the cartilage breaks down and causes chronic pain, stiffness, swelling and problems in moving joint. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint such as hip, neck, lower back and shoulder.
- Rheumatoid arthritis –This is an autoimmune disease chronic inflammation can damage cartilage, the elastic tissue (synovia) that covers the ends of bones in a joint, as well as the bones themselves. Thesynovial membrane makes a fluid that lubricates joints and helps them move smoothly.Rheumatoid arthritis most commonly affects the joints of the feet, hands, elbows, knees and ankles.
- Post-traumatic arthritis – This is the most common is wearing out of joint surface cartilage. Post- traumatic arthritis is caused because of osteoarthritis that has any physical injury and causes stiffness and chronic pain.
Should i go for Knee Replacement?
You should go for Knee replacement surgery, when you have:-
- You have chronic knee inflammation and other treatments are not helped.
- You have very bad arthritis that limits your everyday activities like walking, climbing stairs and in any other movement with your leg.
- You may find it difficult to walk without significant pain and you may need to use a support or walker.
- Knee deformity
- Failure to substantially improve with other treatments such as anti-inflammatory medications, lubricating injections, physical therapy, or other surgeries
At what age should i get Knee Replacement?
- There are no definite age or weight restrictions for total knee replacement surgery.
- A recommendation for knee replacement surgery is based on a patient’s pain and disability.
- Most patients who experience total knee replacement at age 50 to 80, but orthopedic surgeons evaluate patients individually.
- Total knee replacements have been performed successfully at all ages, from young teenager with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis to the elderly patient with degenerative arthritis.
How to decide to have Knee Replacement surgery?
An important factor in deciding – whether to have total knee replacement surgery is understand the procedure of surgery and their precautions after surgery.
More than 90% of people who have total knee replacement surgery experience a dramatic reduction of knee pain. It is a significant improvement in the ability to perform common activities of daily living.But the total knee replacement surgery will not allow you to do more than your ability before you recovered from arthritis.
With the normal use and activity, every knee replacement implant begins to wear in its plastic spacer. Excessive activities or weight may speed up this normal wear and it may cause the knee replacement to loosen and become worst &painful. Therefore, after surgerymost surgeons advise against high-impact activities such as running, jumping or other high-impact sports for the rest of your life.
After total knee replacement follow these realistic activities that include unlimited walking, swimming, golf, driving, biking, ballroom dancing, and other low-impact sports.
How to prepare for surgery?
- Medical evaluation – If you decide to have total knee replacement surgery, your orthopedic surgeon may ask you to schedule a complete physical examination several weeks before the operation. This is necessary, to make sure that you are healthy enough to have the surgery and to complete the recovery process.Before the surgery, many patients with chronic medical conditions, like heart disease, may also be evaluated by a specialist, such as a cardiologist.
- Tests – Several tests, such as blood& urine samples, and an electrocardiogram, may be required to help your orthopedic surgeon to plan your surgery.
- Medications – If you are taking any medications then you must tell your orthopedic surgeon about this. They will tell you about medications that which medication you should stop and which you should continue.